Looking at the present situation in the world and the media content that also potentiates it, we can easily think that human are evil and that there is no hope for a better tomorrow. It is even easier to forget all the wondrous things that humanity has created throughout its history. One is the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut, topic which you can read in two parts on this blog.
Queen Hatshepsut (meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies) is considered one of the most successful Egyptian pharaohs. History remembers her as the fifth pharaoh of XVIII dynasty. She was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmes. Pharaoh had a son, Thutmose II with Mutnefert, sister of Queen Ahmes, this has been strengthened position at the beginning of his ruler ship. Hatshepsut stepped in incestuous marriage with him, which was commonplace in ancient Egypt. Thutmose II. was in poor health and died in his early thirties. With Hatshepsut he only had a daughter Neferure, and power past to his son Thutmose III, whom she had with Isis, the wife from the harem. Since he was too young to rule independently, Hatshepsut became regent.
According to earlier Egyptologists, at first Hatshepsut stood in the background and acted as regent supposed to. But eventually it turned out that this ambitious woman will not allow anyone to stand in her way. Around the seventh year of her reign was crowned queen with full titles of: Maatkare, Khnemet-Amon-Hatshepsut. Thutmose III was not officially been co-regent anymore. Since then, Hatshepsut was depicted as pharaoh with physical forms of man and artificial beard.
However, newer scientists say that is not quite true that she was manipulative woman who ruthlessly usurped the crown of Thutmose III. They believe that she never officially ousted Thutmose III and that he ruled together with her. The only thing was certain that the main word was Hatshepsut’s.
Indelible mark in ancient Egypt history
Regardless of the game of thrones that took place, Hatshepsut has left an indelible trace. Her reign was marked by energetic and intense economic and artistic activity. Wars are not led, except for a few military expeditions which she undertook to subdue the rebel of Nubian chiefs. She gave up a strict reign in conquered Asian areas, and Palestine could be liberated again.
Perhaps the most important work of this queen was a great expedition to Punt she had taken with five ships that sailed the channel between the eastern sleeve of the Nile and Suez. This ancient trade route was a long time completely stopped. Its ships were laden with gold objects, weapons and tools, and they returned with ivory, myrrh, frankincense and precious wood for her temple. There is ample evidence that the ruler sent an expedition to the mines and turquoise in Sinai. Because Hatshepsut’s emphasis on construction and commercial expeditions which are considerably strengthens the Egyptian economy, her reign was prosperous period for Egypt.
On the stele erected in Armant says that Queen Hatshepsut died on the thirteenth day of the sixth month in the 22 year of reign (1458 AD). Queen's mummy was found in 1903, and in June 2007, after a lengthy investigation and CT analysis of the molars and forensic analysis of the remains that were found in Canopus with her name, Dr. Zahi Hawas told that this is the mummy of Queen Hatshepsut. He claimed that she had diabetes and cancer. The discovery of Hatshepsut’s mummy is considered one of the greatest discoveries in the history of Egypt.