Framing is how you place your subject in relation to other objects. Framing helps the subject to look good aesthetically and keeps the viewer's focused on the subject. The lens and the camera determine the kind of frame to capture. Learning how to frame requires practice more than anything. The more you go along with your photography, the more you find different ways of framing.
Frames are usually in the foreground and help to lead the viewer's eyes to the subject. They should stand out but not distract the viewer's eyes from the Aim. There are different types of framing, i.e., natural frame, artificial frame, light and shadow frames.
- Natural frame Here you primarily align you subject to or against a physical object, e.g., rocks, trees or branches.
- Artificial frame. You can frame your photo using an artificial frame like doorways windows, sidewalks and many other man-made elements.
- Light and shadow frame. This is usually brought about by the contrast between shadow and light. A glow from streetlamp or flash can create this kind of frame.
Remember as you practice framing, you can use any shape, object or light to contrast with the main subject and help draw the viewers' attention to it.